ENGLISH FOR CONGRESS POSITION PAPER (Revised January 2012)
The former Bush Administration's callous disregard
for international treaties and obligations, especially those
related to the treatment of captives is appalling and the
consequences of the resulting human rights abuses have severely
tarnished reputation of the United States. The deliberately
disrespectful past treatment of the United Nations is now
bearing its bitter harvest, with our Allies in the Middle East
slowly withdrawing their forces and distancing their policies
from further involvement. Other countries elsewhere are
slowly forging new trade and other commercial relationships that
deliberately exclude the United States, to its future detriment. China and Japan have
made a bilateral trade agreement to exchange products and
services using their own currencies without reliance upon the U.
S. dollar. Since
their economies are the world’s second and third largest, the
future use of the dollar as the world’s reserve currency will
continue to decline as other countries make similar trade
agreements in the future. The
U. S. will become more reliant upon international diplomatic,
trade, and other institutions in the conduct of its affairs with
other nations as its economic dominance and world importance
In the longer term, the following suggestions for changes in U. S. foreign policy have been made in the essay "Why it's Over for America" by Noam Chomsky from the book titled FAILED STATES published by Hamish Hamilton, Independent Books (UK 0870-079-8897).
1) accept the jurisdiction of the
International Criminal Court and the World Court;
2) sign and carry forward the Kyoto protocols and other environmental agreements
3) let the UN take the lead in international crises;
4) rely on diplomatic and economic measures rather than military ones in confronting terror;
5) keep to the traditional interpretation of the UN Charter;
6) give up the Security Council veto and have "a decent respect for the opinion of mankind, as the Declaration of Independence advises, even if power centers disagree;
7) cut back sharply on military spending and sharply increase social spending.
Regarding item #3, please read the Issue Paper on Middle East Policy.
Regarding item #6, the United States giving up the Security Council veto, all of four the other Security Council members with the veto would have to do the same, which is highly improbable. What might be a viable United Nations reform alternative to the single country veto paralysis problem is to reorganize the Security Council with an Executive Committee consisting of the five present members possessing the veto (U. S., Russia, China, France, and the U. K.) and adding eight new members to the Executive Committee (Germany, Japan, Indonesia, India, Egypt, Nigeria, Mexico, and Brazil). The Executive Committee would serve as the steering gateway to approve all items brought before the Security Council, with a two thirds (i.e., nine affirmative) vote needed in the Executive Council to approve items forwarded to the Security Council for discussion and final disposition. All thirteen members of the executive Committee would be the permanent members of the Security Council, which should be expanded to 35 members total, with 23 rotating members drawn from the remainder of the United Nations members. The Veto provision for the five countries now holding it should be eliminated, which would allow the United Nations to undertake meaningful and effective action against any nation's improper conduct in the future.
Regarding item #7, please read the Issue Paper on Military Restructuring.
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